The rule that inches issuers use an advance is one-third to one-half of the royalties estimated in the first edition. For example, an advance of $3,000 on a book sold for about $30 indicates that the publishing house expects to sell only about 2000 copies ($3,000 divided by 3 royalties x 2). A $15,000 advance on the other side… What complicates matters further is that huge online merchants are also competing to buy books in dollars. The international bookseller Book Depository does not collect shipping fees – an offer that Australian booktopia temporarily makes available to customers. Both have wide ranges and great discounts, but are they the best choice for readers who appreciate their brick and mortar bookstores? And if we choose between online retailers, are readers willing to pay a few dollars more to send a book that they can get abroad at no shipping fee to support an Australian company? Not to mention the spectre of Amazon, hung above both bricks, mortar and other online booksellers. In 1905, as a result of the Education Act, the Publishers Association introduced the practice of calling textbooks „non-net” that granted discounts to schools that were not available on other books. There were also agreements that allow public libraries to get discounts of up to 5% on the net books they buy.  The central idea of a BPF is to encourage price competition among booksellers in order to encourage the sale of little-known, difficult or culturally interesting books, rather than simply hosting blockbuster readers. In this regard, an FBP is deemed to ensure that booksellers who provide the corresponding pre-sale services are able to recover their higher costs with a guaranteed margin for blockbusters. In France, „books are seen more as a cultural product than as a commercial product,” said a Random House-Manager penguin in an article with Publishing Perspectives. And, said an editor-in-chief at Gallimard, since the revolution, „the French state has always considered culture not a private matter.” The government does call the books „essential,” as Druckerman and others have pointed out. Japan may not frame its ideals of books and reading in the historical heritage as its European colleagues do, but it still shares the same understanding.
The books are described on the Japan Book Publishers Association website as a basic resource that contributes to the cultural well-being of the country. In addition, the resale price maintenance system (Japan`s FBP agreement) not only provides space for small retailers and a wide variety of literature, but also ensures that books on the gap between the city and the countryside remain accessible. This is an increasingly interesting debate, especially given Macmillan`s recent struggle to prevent Amazon from dictating the price of e-books. Is it better to have a thriving independent book industry and a wide range of titles than a few cheap bestsellers? Our French cousins came to this conclusion in 1981, after trying to destroy their NBA equivalent – and their bookstores weathered the storm much better than ours. The FBP is somewhat common among countries where the publishing sector is important. Below is a list of the 23 largest book markets (according to the Frankfurt Book Fair Business Club) and their current practice of the PBP (collected from different sources). Last week, in an article on the struggles of the authors of the basic list, I made an ephemeral reference to „the glorious days of the network registry contract.” A poster called Pikeman didn`t like it. „You`ll excuse me if I don`t see a price deal as something to cry about,” he wrote.